What ISIS’ Defeat in the Middle East Means for Europe: Counter-Radicalisation in the EU

What ISIS’ Defeat in the Middle East Means for Europe: Counter-Radicalisation in the EU

“Radicalisation has emerged as a sincere issue in Europe in the last five years. Since ISIS started to lose territory, foreign fighters have begun to return to Europe, while ISIS’ web presence has strengthened and increased. In response, the European Union has created some of the most successful anti-radicalisation programmes to tackle those threats. However,…

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The security implications of the far-right’s rise in Europe

The security implications of the far-right’s rise in Europe

“The far-right’s most recent electoral emergence in Europe raises concerns about the possible securitization of multiculturalism, the inspiration of radical right terrorism and the destabilization of liberal democracies. Understanding its rise and tactics can help liberalism address the far-right’s challenge.” by Javier Martínez Mendoza In the last five years, instability in the Middle East and…

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Assessing the Implications of the U.S.-Syria Withdrawal on the Kurdish Democratic Union

Assessing the Implications of the U.S.-Syria Withdrawal on the Kurdish Democratic Union

“The U.S.’ proposed withdrawal of the majority of its military presence from Syria leaves the Kurdish Democratic Union (PYD) in a challenging position. Now lacking clear U.S. protection and in the midst of preparing its final assault on ISIS-held positions, the PYD is now forced to weigh the decision of aligning with Russia and the…

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Post-Revolution Libya’s Internal State-Building Challenges

Post-Revolution Libya’s Internal State-Building Challenges

“The 17 February 2011 Libyan revolution brought a sense of freedom to the Libyan people. Eight years later, the country has erupted into another war, with numerous internal state-building challenges. Many of these challenges are rooted in the Gaddafi regime.” by Shahed Warreth Libya has become a deeply divided country in the eight years following…

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The Influence and Stability of the United Kingdom: The National Security Ramifications of a No Deal Brexit

The Influence and Stability of the United Kingdom: The National Security Ramifications of a No Deal Brexit

“Brexit presents a scenario in which, all at once, the UK must: maintain its relevance on the world-stage whilst simultaneously reducing its legislative and policy making influence;  satisfy Scotland’s call to remain; and assuage Northern Ireland’s border concerns. At risk is the fragmentation of its union and a shrinking of its international role”. by Matthew…

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Choosing the Right Strategy: (Counter)Insurgency and (Counter)Terrorism as Competing Paradigms

Choosing the Right Strategy: (Counter)Insurgency and (Counter)Terrorism as Competing Paradigms

“Distinguishing between terrorism and insurgency is becoming increasingly challenging for policy-makers and military planners. Terrorist organisations cannot be disrupted through counter-insurgency techniques and insurgencies are extremely resilient to counter-terrorism strategies. Counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency, although similar in certain respects, identify divergent assumptions and modalities for dealing with terrorism and insurgency.” by Roberto Colombo Distinguishing between terrorism…

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UK Access to EU Databases: The National Security Ramifications of a No Deal Brexit

UK Access to EU Databases: The National Security Ramifications of a No Deal Brexit

“The UK’s ability to prevent, prepare for, and respond to risks is enhanced by its ability to share data and expertise, exchange information, and collaborate closely with its nearest neighbours. Brexit presents a significant threat to both that information exchange and continued collaboration.” by Matthew Wentworth At present standing, with one deal presented by British…

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Environmental Migration and Conflict in West Africa

Environmental Migration and Conflict in West Africa

“In the coming decades, climate change will push an astounding number of people to flee their homes in West Africa to search for new places where food, health, and environmental security will be more accessible. Addressing this issue in the earliest phases will play a fundamental role in the coming decades’ policy outcome.’” by Stefano…

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Strategic Turnaround? Russia’s Support to the Afghan Taliban and its Strategic Implications

Strategic Turnaround? Russia’s Support to the Afghan Taliban and its Strategic Implications

“We know that the Russians are involved, stated U.S. Army General John Nicholson during an interview with the BBC, publicly accusing Russia of smuggling loads of weapons to the Taliban. Russia’s logistical and financial support to the Afghan Taliban is a short-term security insurance, and a profitable long-term investment, for the Kremlin’s future geopolitical manoeuvres.”…

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Colombia’s Tenuous Peace

Colombia’s Tenuous Peace

“Colombia’s 2016 Peace Deal with the FARC helped to lessen violence. However, without increased development efforts in rural areas, the toll of past conflict on society may prevent long-term sustainability, justice, and recovery. The new administration of Colombian President Iván Duque Márquez is projected to subvert major post-conflict initiatives and risks reigniting paramilitary conflict.” By…

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